Research papers


Electronic structure of the parent compound of superconducting infinite-layer nickelates                        
The search continues for nickel oxide-based materials with electronic properties similar to cuprate high-temperature superconductors1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10. The recent discovery of superconductivity in the doped infinite-layer nickelate NdNiO2 (refs. 11,12) has strengthened these efforts.  Nature Materials, 2020

 

Incoherent strange metal sharply bounded by a critical doping in Bi2212  In normal metals, macroscopic properties are understood using the concept of quasiparticles. In the cuprate high-temperature superconductors, the metallic state above the highest transition temperature is anomalous and is known as the “strange metal.” We studied this state using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Science, Nov. 2019

 

Rapid change of superconductivity and electron-phonon coupling through critical doping in Bi-2212  More than 30 years after the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides, its mechanism remains a mystery. Electron pairing mediated solely by lattice vibrations—phonons—is thought to be insufficient to account for the high transition temperatures. Science, Oct 2018

 

Charge trapping and super-Poissonian noise centres in a cuprate superconductor     The electronic properties of cuprate high-temperature superconductors in their normal state are highly two-dimensional: transport along the crystal planes is perfectly metallic, but is insulating along the perpendicular ‘c-axis’ direction. Nature Physics, Oct 2018

 

Doping the holographic Mott insulator                              Mott insulators form because of strong electron repulsions and are at the heart of strongly correlated electron physics. Conventionally these are understood as classical ‘traffic jams’ of electrons described by a short-ranged entangled product ground state. Nature Physics, July 2018

 

Quantum Thermalization and the Expansion of Atomic Clouds  The ultimate consequence of quantum many-body physics is that even the air we breathe is governed by strictly unitary time evolution. The reason that we perceive it nonetheless as a completely classical high temperature gas is due to the incapacity of our measurement machines to keep track of the dense many-body entanglement of the gas molecules. Scientific Reports, July 2017

 

Generalized Liquid Crystals: Giant Fluctuations and the Vestigial Chiral Order of I , O , and T Matter  The physics of nematic liquid crystals has been the subject of intensive research since the late 19th century. However, the focus of this pursuit has been centered around uniaxial and biaxial nematics associated with constituents bearing a Dh or D2h symmetry, respectively. Phys. Rev. X, Oct. 2016

 

stuk met Milan AllenUniversality of pseudogap and emergent order in lightly doped Mott insulators      High-temperature superconductivity in the cuprates emerges from doped Mott insulators1. When extra carriers are inserted into the parent state, the electrons become mobile but the strong correlations from the Mott state are thought to survive inhomogeneous electronic order, a mysterious pseudogap and, eventually, superconductivity appear.  Nature Physics, Sept

 

UntitledFrom quantum matter to high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides    The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in the copper oxides in 1986 triggered a huge amount of innovative scientific inquiry. In the almost three decades since, much has been learned about the     novel forms of quantum matter that are exhibited in these strongly correlated electron systems. Nature Vol. 518, Feb 2015

 

the space groupThe space group classification of topological band-insulators                                                                               Topological band-insulators (TBIs) are bulk insulating materials, which in the presence of time-reversal symmetry feature topologically protected metallic states on their surface or edge. Nature Physics Vol. 9, Dec 2013

 

scienceTopological Defects Coupling Smectic Modulations to Intra–Unit-Cell Nematicity cuprates                                    We study the coexisting smectic modulations and intra–unit-cell nematicity in the pseudogap states of underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. By visualizing their spatial components separately, we identified 2π topological defects throughout the phase-fluctuating smectic states. More: Science Vol. 333, Jul 2011

 

String theory, Quantum Fase Transitions, and the Emergent Fermi Liquid A Central problem in quantum condensed matter physics is the critical theory governing the zero temperature quantum phase transition between strongly renormalized Fermi liquids as found in heavy fermion intermetallics and possibly in hig-critical temperature superconductors. Science Vol. 325, July 2009

 

Towards a complete theory of high Tc   Given the successes of the microscopic theory of conventional superconductors, it seems natural to expect a similar all-encompassing theory for high-temperature superconductivity. But is it the best approach? Where are we heading?  Nature physics Vol. 2, 2006

 

Nodal quasiparticle in pseudogapped colossal magnetoresistive manganites   A characteristic feature of the copper oxide high-temperature superconductors is the dichotomy between the electronic excitations along the nodal and antinodal directions in momentum space, generally assumed to be linked to the ‘d-wave’ symmetry of the superconducting state. Nature Vol. 438, Sep 2005

 

Quantum critical behaviour in a high-T-c superconductor    Quantum criticality is associated with a system composed of a nearly infinite number of interacting quantum degrees of freedom at zero temperature, and it implies that the system looks on average the same regardless of the time- and length scale on which it is observed. Nature 425, Aug 2003

 

Fullerene superconductivity and the dynamic jahn-teller effect – response Science Vol. 255, Mar 1992

 

Superconductivity in the fullerenes Intramolecular vibrations strongly scatter electrons near the Fermi-surface in doped fullerenes. A simple expression for the electron-phonon coupling parameters for this case is derived and evaluated by quantum-chemical calculations. The observed superconducting transition temperatures and their variation with lattice constants can be understood on this basis. To test the ideas and calculations presented here, we predict that high frequency H(g) modes acquire a width of about 20% of their frequency in superconductive fullerenes, and soften by about 5% compared to the insulating fullerenes. Science Vol. 254, Nov 1991

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